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Discussion Starter #1
Hi,

We own an early 2020 E-Golf. It's a great car and with heat pump have consistently achieved approx 4.1m/kWh (144miles total range) out of it for last 6mths (cold or warm ambient temperatures). Recently though, and suddenly, it only charges to circa 125 miles range, which is proving to be accurate still based on achieving 4.1m/kWh. Haven't changed any settings, driven any differently or excessively used air con etc. This is suggesting to me that only approx 30kWh of the original 35.8kWh battery cells is actually charging now.

Am I missing something? Any suggestions would be gratefully received

Thanks
 

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Does the car not show you the current average m/kWh? It is more likely that has changed for some unknown reason (dragging brake, damaged alignment, poorly inflated tyres) than the battery capacity has dropped so dramatically as to mean that loss when the e-Golf doesn't initially use all of the capacity available. You have incidentally used the total capacity in your calculation - if you had a range of 144 miles then that would have been consumption of 4.5 m/kWh from the available 32kWh.
 

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Maybe some drive up a hill? High motorway speeds? GOM range is a guess based on recent use pattern. Only way to know about battery health is to charge to 100% and then drive down to ~10% to calculate usable battery capacity. GOM is NOT accurate.
 

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Discussion Starter #4
Hi,

Thanks for the quick responses, much appreciated. Just to confirm....

For the first 2,800 miles driven in the car over approx last 6mths it has consistently achieved circa. 4.1m/kWh on average, hence charging to GOM estimated range of circa. 144-150 miles each time (35.8kWh battery x 4.1m/kWh anticipated performance). Although never run down to absolute zero range, this is close enough proven over many occasions - i.e. 130 miles use, 14 miles range left etc (we don't charge the car on daily basis). I'm actually surprisingly impressed with accuracy of GOM and vehicle performance consistency, especially over colder initial months, proving potentially the heat pump does it's job too.

Then instantly one day recently it started charging to only circa. 125 miles estimated range. Again, GOM proven over a number of run-downs - i.e. 110 miles use, 15 miles range left etc. Car efficiency remains circa. av. 4.1m/kWh according to vehicle measured data. This continued m/kWh performance is not surprising as journeys remain much the same - settings unchanged, tyres correctly inflated, not just one erratic journey up a big hill etc.

Above therefore suggests that vehicle performance is fine overall but that battery is now acting as a battery with circa. 30kWh capacity, rather than one with 35.8kWh capacity. Would not be surprised if this was the case gradually after say 7yrs. But for this change to happen instantly overnight and remain this way (it's not a one-off situation based on miscalculation of the vehicle electronics) is a bit of a mystery?

Only other alternative is, as you say, that there is some reason why it suddenly isn't actually performing at 4.1m/kWh. But I think it would be too much of a coincidence for (a) sudden loss of performance due to wheel misalignment, calipers sticking etc, to occur as well as (b) vehicle data to be falsely telling me that it is still performing at av. 4.1m/kWh.

Can't come to any logical conclusion other than that I've suddenly lost some of the cells. Before talking to VW, just wandered if anybody else has previously encountered the same.

Thanks again
 

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Discussion Starter #5
PS Hadn't appreciated that it doesn't initially use all of the battery capacity available - i.e. that we've potentially actually been achieving 4.5 m/kWh from an available 32kWh. I'm just referencing what GOP says each time, what actual range we have been getting out of it (pretty much the same) and m/kWh performance the vehicle driving data is logging. So it's still a direct comparison between first 6mths and last few weeks. Does that make sense?
 

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In my 2017 I found 89% of 35.8 kWh gross was usable (31.9 kWh) when new. The only times I have seen a change in GOM is with either high speed driving or significant ambient temperature swings. Given the posts I have seen about bad cells, I don't think it is a bad cell as the car's BMS would probably not let you drive. In my perusing of the cell voltages (most of the 88 cells, they are all typically within 0.001 volts of each other, so in my car they are very well matched). As I said before, the best way to know is to perform a capacity test, even though your data seems to be pretty close to such a test (to be extra certain about your capacity, try to measure how much energy you put into he car when charging it from ~10% to 100%, to check the car's efficiency measurement). If you bring the car to VW, my guess is the dealer would perform such a test. If indeed you lost 20 miles of range at 4.1 mi/kWh, that is a drop of 5 kWh, and your pack would not meet the warranty threshold of 70% net capacity (25.1 kWh net assuming 35.8 kWh gross when new). I'll keep thinking about this....
 

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Discussion Starter #7
That's really useful info, thank-you. I probably confused things a little bit originally by not appreciating lesser usable net capacity vs advertised capacity, and for even mentioning GOM range estimates. In short, actual (fairly well proven) range has dropped instantly from circa 144 miles to circa 125 miles from full battery regardless of initial range estimate. Last couple of charges it's actually been run down to 10 miles range each time as well (am blaming my wife for that!). Will continue to keep an eye on it for another month and try to measure the actual charge too.

Did wonder what the battery warranty actually meant in terms of accepted deterioration but dealerships I spoke to prior to buying it seemed to have average knowledge of what they are selling (which is fair enough) and never got round to properly researching it.

Thanks again
 

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Hi,

We own an early 2020 E-Golf. It's a great car and with heat pump have consistently achieved approx 4.1m/kWh (144miles total range) out of it for last 6mths (cold or warm ambient temperatures). Recently though, and suddenly, it only charges to circa 125 miles range, which is proving to be accurate still based on achieving 4.1m/kWh. Haven't changed any settings, driven any differently or excessively used air con etc. This is suggesting to me that only approx 30kWh of the original 35.8kWh battery cells is actually charging now.

Am I missing something? Any suggestions would be gratefully received

Thanks
Hi , my Golf is a 69 reg and the last 6 moths I had been gathering details about it. I had come across the same "anomaly" if I may say so , that no matter whether AC or DC I cannot charge more than 30kw in the battery. ( that is what my podpiont and all the main dc charger displays say. )
I took it last week to VW and the check come back alright. I am afraid this is how it is.
I am getting the same values :
town 4.1-4.5 mi/kwh 130-140 miles in the summer 110-120 miles winter
65mph, 75mph 3.5 3.7 mi/kwh range 110 miles (summer or winter)
80 mph 3.1 mi/kwh range 90 ish miles
If I do the cross-check calculation then the GOM is right and accurate which is good news.
I hope this feed back shall settle your mind .
 

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30 kWh usable capacity is reasonable. After 23,000 miles, my pack is around 30kWh usable for local driving and 29 kWh at high speed (due to Joule heating efficiency losses).
 

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Maybe the recent GOM range estimate is due to lower temperatures in autumn? Check the battery and drivetrain parameters in Car Scanner ELM OBD2 app, maybe you will find some pecularities. Although app does not show usable battery capacity nor SOH in E-Golf, there are many other useful parameters: SOC, charging current and voltage, power limit, regen limit, etc.
App is free, full ad-free version costs 3-5 quid.
 

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I have had my E-Golf 2 yrs now and it appears that there is a step change in mls/kwh and GOM with temp. I am not the first to comment on this and it does appear to happen at about 15C ambient. Guess its part of battery protection?
 

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Effect of ambient temp to battery is widely known. Its just something got to do with chemistry.

I have had my E-Golf 2 yrs now and it appears that there is a step change in mls/kwh and GOM with temp. I am not the first to comment on this and it does appear to happen at about 15C ambient. Guess its part of battery protection?
 

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True, available battery capacity is a function of temperature. Since e-Golf has no active TMS, the pack temp is dictated by ambient temps and recent driving history (within past several hours). As ambient temps drop, battery will lose usable capacity. It would be nice to see a graph of this.
 

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Yes i know all that but i am wondering if VW impose restrictions to save batt. It seems too much of a step change
 

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Yes i know all that but i am wondering if VW impose restrictions to save batt. It seems too much of a step change
I can't think of any reason why VW would do that. It's just chemistry. You can get a 30% range reduction in winter.
 

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The Leaf is the same. It seems to have a few kWh just go missing as the weather becomes colder.
 

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Nope.. No restrictions.. The only restrictions is on the charging rate (so will take longer to charge), but it would still charge to 100%

Yes i know all that but i am wondering if VW impose restrictions to save batt. It seems too much of a step change
 

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I think some of you are missing the point here.....
It is nothing to do with the GOM or the range or weather or any combination of those.
It is simply charge it full at any location then drive it down to the "turtle" or so, then charge it up until the chagrining device cuts out because the battery is full and it shows never more then 30kw charged back.
 

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The battery only has 32kWh usable when new. At a year old there will be 31-31.5
If you drive until you have 3-4 miles left you will have about 1kWh usable left, possibly a little more.
Not many people drive that low. With 10 miles left you'll have about 2.5kWh left, and no heating.
Now fully charge the car on a cold day and it will probably only charge to 30/30.5kWh.
Even with 10% losses in not surprised you never see more than 30kWh added.

I'm fairly sure I've used more than 30kWh to charge the car when it was new but I haven't fully charged the car from empty for a very long time so can't tell you what I use now.

I checked on Friday afternoon, about 14°C, and fully charged obdeleven was showing 29.8kWh.
In the middle of September at 21°C I had as high as 30.5kWh. 2.5 year old car with 50k miles.
 

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Weather, HVAC usage and driving speed all impact range. Yes, GOM is a guess based on recent use, but if use is consistent then GOM is a fairly reliable indicator of usable range. If you try to use an external device to measure energy content of battery pack, you will get the wrong value due to charging losses.
 
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